In 1980’s, stability of underground excavations was a major problem facing the mining industry, especially with the mine workings reaching greater depths in the country. Planning and designing efforts in metalliferous mines were inadequate. In view of this, there was an urgent need for trained and competent rock mechanics engineers to tackle problems of rock mechanics and ground control in mines.
There was no institute to look after the problems of hard rock mining and other civil engineering projects. Consequently, many project authorities in India were taking the help of foreign consultants to solve their rock mechanics problems. In view of above, there was an urgent need to supplement the above facilities by establishing a Rock Mechanics Research Centre, exclusively to tackle the problems of stability of underground excavations in hard rock mines, particularly at deeper levels, and in other civil engineering projects.
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